Border complexity, tourism and international exclaves A case study

Alon Gelbman, Dallen Timothy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    90 Scopus citations


    Communities living in border areas often find themselves in a complex reality of living " in the middle," between two societies and cultures, between two economic systems and in the shadow of changing international relations. This reality may be confusing but it also contains the potential seeds for economic development in various sectors, especially tourism. This research examines the development of tourism in exclaves, one of the most unique forms of borderland attractions/destinations in the world today. The paper presents a typology of the physical, social and cultural elements that have potential for tourism development in exclaves, using Belgian Baarle-Hertog and Dutch Baarle-Nassau as empirical examples.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)110-131
    Number of pages22
    JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 2011


    • Border communities
    • International exclaves/enclaves
    • Territoriality
    • Tourism development
    • Transnational identity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Development
    • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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