Blowout of turbulent diffusion flames

James E. Broadwell, Werner J.A. Dahm, M. Godfrey Mungal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

178 Scopus citations


A simple description has been formulated of the mechanisms governing the stability of turbulent diffusion flames. It is based upon the nature of the large scale motions that have been observed in turbulent jets and includes a process for maintaining a stable flame. An analysis, based on the proposed model, leads to a single parameter which determines the blowout velocity of pure fuels and of fuels diluted with air and with CO2. The parameter is the ratio of two times: a characteristic chemical reaction time and a time associated with the mixing of reentrained hot products into fresh reactants. The agreement with a set of experimental observations for both pure and diluted gases is good.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalSymposium (International) on Combustion
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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