Bio-modification of rubberised asphalt binder to enhance its performance

Elham H. Fini, Shahrzad Hosseinnezhad, Daniel Oldham, Zachery Mclaughlin, Zia Alavi, John Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The application of crumb rubber in the asphalt industry has demonstrated many advantages in pavement, yet the challenges associated with its application in pavement construction have limited its usage. In this study, Bio-Binder was used as an additive for crumb-rubber-modified (CRM) asphalt binder to enhance its rheological properties while improving workability and reducing segregation. The product produced by adding Bio-Binder to CRM binder is called Bio-Modified-Rubber (BMR) binder. Rheological studies showed a reduction in the mixing and compacting temperatures of BMR binder in comparison to CRM binder, which consequently leads to improvement in the workability and pumpability of the resulting asphalt mixture. The segregation which was quantified using a phase separation index, reduced from 58% in CRM binder to 33% in BMR binder. In addition, BMR binder showed better fatigue cracking resistance than both CRM and neat binders. Evaluating low-temperature properties of specimens conditioned at −12 °C for 12 h showed that BMR binder had improved low-temperature properties compared to CRM binder. In addition, mixture studies were conducted on the fine aggregate matrix (FAM). It was shown that low-temperature properties of FAM mixes made with BMR were significantly better than those of CRM mixtures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1216-1225
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Bio-Binder
  • CRM
  • additive
  • asphalt binder
  • crumb rubber
  • rheology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Bio-modification of rubberised asphalt binder to enhance its performance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this