Beyond enforcement: Welcomeness, local law enforcement, and immigrants

Linda M. Williams

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Scopus citations


    Studies of local law enforcement actions toward immigrants show that while some cities engage in enforcement, many others do not. The extent and determinants of enforcement have been assessed, but these studies have not evaluated the full range of practices, including welcoming practices, toward immigrants. This article introduces the concept of "welcomeness," develops a framework for measuring it, and, using a nationwide survey of local police departments, examines how widely departments are welcoming (or unwelcoming) to immigrants. The data show that many police departments have consciously and deliberately developed practices intended to foster positive relationships between the police and immigrants and to encourage immigrants to call the police for assistance.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)433-442
    Number of pages10
    JournalPublic administration review
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - May 1 2015

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Public Administration
    • Marketing


    Dive into the research topics of 'Beyond enforcement: Welcomeness, local law enforcement, and immigrants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this