BER of adaptive arrays in AWGN channel

Zhiyong Huang, Constantine Balanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A system model is presented of adaptive arrays with trellis coded modulation (TCM) to investigate the bit-error-rate (BER) of a wireless system in a co-channel interference environment. Adaptive arrays with different geometries, uniform circular array (UCA), uniform rectangular array (URA) and UCA with center element (UCA-CE), are implemented with the least mean square (LMS) algorithm to combat interference at the same frequency. The wireless systems are investigated in well-separated signals and random direction signals scenarios with additive white Gaussian noise. The URA and UCA-CE have faster convergence and their BERs, in some cases, are slightly influenced by the number of interferers. However, although the UCA converges slowly and its performance degrades as the number of interferers increases, it generally has the best BER. The recursive least square (RLS) algorithm is also investigated. It achieves much better performance than the LMS algorithm when the training sequences are short. However, the optimum BERs attained by these two algorithms are the same.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2089-2097
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2008


  • Adaptive array
  • Additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN)
  • Bit-error-rate (BER)
  • Least mean square (LMS)
  • Recursive least square (RLS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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