Balance in Positive Emotional Expressivity Across School Contexts Relates to Kindergartners’ Adjustment

Maciel M. Hernández, Nancy Eisenberg, Carlos Valiente, Tracy Spinrad, Rebecca H. Berger, Sarah K. VanSchyndel, Marilyn Thompson, Jody Southworth, Kassondra M. Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Positive emotional expressivity has been associated with increased social competence and decreased maladjustment in childhood. However, a few researchers have found null or even positive associations between positive emotional expressivity and maladjustment, which suggests that there may be nuanced associations of positive expressivity, perhaps as a function of the social context in which it is expressed. We examined whether observed positive emotional expressivity balance across peer-oriented/recreational and learning contexts predicted kindergarten children’s adjustment (N = 301). Research Findings: Higher positive expressivity during lunch/recess compared to positive expressivity in the classroom was associated with lower teacher–student conflict, externalizing behaviors, and depressive symptoms. In addition, overall positive emotional expressivity predicted lower externalizing behaviors as well as lower depressive and anxiety symptoms. Practice or Policy: The results suggest the importance of assessing observed positive emotional expressivity in context as a potential indicator of children’s maladjustment risk and the need for children to adapt their emotions to different contexts. Implications for assessing and supporting positive emotional expression balance and training emotional regulation in school are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalEarly education and development
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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