Assessment of defects at construction and occupancy stages

Wai Kiong Chong, Sui Pheng Low

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Construction inspection can take place only during the construction phase of a project. This imposes limitations on what the building inspector can detect, and thus there is often a gap between perceived construction quality and the defects the occupants suffer from later. This research paper looks into the differences among the defects that occurred during construction and 2 to 6 years after initial occupancy and finds that the defects at both periods were very different. Defects found during the occupancy stage are commonly known as latent defects, most of which were rarely found during the construction stage and are thus rarely accounted for by the designers and building developers. This paper confirms the need to look at defects in another way and to establish more effective methods to reduce latent defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-289
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Building design
  • Construction inspection
  • Construction materials
  • Defects
  • Maintenance
  • Quality control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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