Assessing Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy in Three Countries

Gian Vittorio Caprara, Laura Di Giunta, Nancy Eisenberg, Maria Gerbino, Concetta Pastorelli, Carlo Tramontano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

233 Scopus citations


The Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy (RESE) scale was developed to assess perceived self-efficacy in managing negative (NEG) and in expressing positive (POS) affect (G. V. Caprara & M. Gerbino, 2001). In this study of young adults, the factorial structure of the RESE scale was found to be similar in Italy, the United States, and Bolivia: In addition to a factor for POS, NEG was represented by a second-order factor of 2 different negative affects: despondency-distress (DES) and anger-irritation (ANG). Overall, there was partial invariance at both metric and scalar levels across gender and countries. Discriminant and convergent validity of the RESE scale was further examined in the Italian sample. Stronger patterns of association of POS with prosocial behavior, of ANG with low aggressive behavior problems and irritability, and of DES with low anxiety/depressive problems and shyness and high self-esteem were found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-237
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2008


  • assessment
  • emotional regulation
  • self-efficacy beliefs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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