Are there stable factors in preadolescent girls' externalizing behaviors?

Rolf Loeber, Dustin A. Pardini, Alison Hipwell, Magda Stouthamer-Loeber, Kate Keenan, Mark A. Sembower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Relatively little is known about the factor structure of disruptive behavior among preadolescent girls. The present study reports on exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of disruptive girl behavior over four successive data waves as rated by parents and teachers in a large, representative community sample of girls (N=2,451). Five factors were identified from parent ratings (oppositional behavior/conduct problems, inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, relational aggression, and callous-unemotional behaviors), and four factors were identified derived from teacher ratings (oppositional behavior/conduct problems/callous-unemotional behaviors, inattention, hyper activity impulsivity, and relational aggression). There was a high degree of consistency of items loading on equivalent factors across parent and teacher ratings. Year-to-year stability of factors between ages five and 12 was high for parent ratings (ICC=0.70 to 0.88), and slightly lower for teacher ratings (ICC=0.56 to 0.83). These findings are discussed in terms of possible adjustment to the criteria for children's disruptive behavior disorders found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)777-791
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Are there stable factors in preadolescent girls' externalizing behaviors?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this