An MPEG-like pyramidal video coder

R. Gandhi, L. Wang, S. Panchanathan, M. Goldberg T

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


In this paper, we propose an MPEG-like video coder using a 3-dimensional (3D) adaptive pyramid. In the 3D adaptive pyramid, the temporal or spatial contraction is selected using the corresponding prediction differences. A video codec is designed using the 3D adaptive pyramid and intra-frame vector quantization. Encoding errors introduced at the upper levels are fed-forward to the lower levels of the pyramid which makes lossless coding possible. The proposed pyramidal video coder has a number of similarities with the MPEG-I video compression standard. Simulation results for the CCITT standard test sequences indicate that the 3D adaptive pyramid reduces the lossless bit rate by a factor of two. Excellent subjective quality as well as objective quality (PSNR value of 36.6 db) are obtained at a bit rate less than Ti rate (i.e. 1.544 Mb/s). Furthermore, smooth transition is achieved in the case of scene changes without sacrificing picture quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-717
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes
EventVisual Communications and Image Processing 1993 - Cambridge, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 7 1993Nov 7 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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