Alternative relationships among integrative beliefs, time-based manufacturing and performance

Ram Narasimhan, Thomas Kull, Abraham Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: Globalization and accelerating product life cycles require use of time-based manufacturing practices (TBMP) accompanied by organizational integration. Evidence has suggested that cultural integrative beliefs (IB) influence the presence of TBMP but research has not investigated two alternative theory-based views: TBMP influences the formation of integrative beliefs; and TBMP and integrative beliefs interact to enhance performance. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between espoused values, TBMP and performance. Design/methodology/approach: The authors empirically re-analyze work carried out in 2004 by Nahm et al., using structural equations modeling and factor scores regression. Findings: Support is found for the competing model that implies IB is a consequent of TBMP rather than an antecedent. This new theoretical perspective is not reconciled via the interaction model. Practical implications: The authors' re-examination suggests TBMP and IB are mutually reinforcing, implying that resources can be devoted to simultaneously implementing TBMP and IB, rather than a time-consuming sequential strategy. Originality/value: The paper is the first to empirically test three perspectives on how organizational culture and operations management practices interrelate. Conventional conceptions of cultural beliefs' role are questioned and a new perspective is offered. Additionally, the FSR method gives a structured approach to latent variable interaction modeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-524
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Operations and Production Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 2012


  • Competing models
  • Integrative beliefs
  • Organizational culture
  • Organizational performance
  • Time-based manufacturing practices
  • Time-based organizations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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