Adolescents and drug abuse: Clinical use of urine drug screening

William H. James, David D. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Urine screening for clinical diagnostic purposes is used to answer the question of whether adolescents are continuing drug abuse. The purpose of this study is to examine the use of urine screening as a procedure to assess and monitor adolescents in an outpatient program who are suspected of continued drag abuse. To systematically evaluate the procedure, 296 adolescent urine screens were analyzed. A total of 36% of the adolescents tested positive for one or more drags of abuse, and 30% tested positive for caneabinoids (THC), with eight testing positive for other drag use. Among the total sample, five (2%) tested positive for opiates, and ten (3%) tested positive for multiple drug use. Of the total sample, twenty-seven (9%) had adulterated urine. In this study, urine screening, which was done for clinical purposes, appeared to be helpful in assessing continued drug use but provides little information regarding the diagnostic level and pattern of drag use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-36
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 17 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Bdrag Abuse
  • Urine Screens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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