Addressing Sea Turtle Bycatch in Developing Countries: A Global Challenge That Requires Adaptive Solutions for the 21st Century

Jesse F. Senko, Michel A. Nalovic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Coastal fisheries have intrinsic importance to the identity, values, and cultures in many of the communities they occur in. However, despite their importance, incidental capture (i.e., bycatch) of nontarget species in these fisheries is notoriously difficult to assess and manage. In particular, bycatch of sea turtles in coastal fisheries-primarily in gillnets, longlines, and trawls-has been linked to decline in populations worldwide. Sea turtle bycatch is prevalent in coastal fisheries of developing nations, where fishing communities are generally marginalized with high rates of poverty, limited access to education, and few livelihood alternatives. A new global approach to sea turtle bycatch mitigation is needed that can work in diverse local contexts and simultaneously meet social, economic, and ecological needs. This approach can only come from integrating knowledge between local fishers and conservation scientists, practitioners, and managers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSea Turtle Research and Conservation
Subtitle of host publicationLessons From Working In The Field
PublisherElsevier
Pages151-165
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780128210291
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Bycatch reduction technology
  • Collaborative Fisheries Research
  • Community-based conservation
  • Fisheries bycatch
  • Gear modification
  • Gillnet
  • Marine conservation
  • Sea turtle
  • Small-scale fisheries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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