Adding to Contingent-Reward Behavior: The augmenting effect of charismatic leadership

David A. Waldman, Bernard M. Bass, Francis J. Yammarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Scopus citations


Contingent-reward behavior and charismatic leadership were examined in this study of 186 United States Navy officers. As expected, contingent-reward behavior was significantly related to multiple measures of leader effectiveness. Hierarchical regression was used to show how charisma added unique variance beyond that of contingent-reward behavior for understanding leader effectiveness. Conversely, contingent-reward behavior had no effect beyond that of charisma. Results were discussed in terms of the potential need for charismatic leadership at various management levels to ensure effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-394
Number of pages14
JournalGroup & Organization Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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