Active Compensation-based Harmonic Reduction Technique to Mitigate Power Quality Impacts of EV Charging Systems

Abed Kazemtarghi, Ashwin Chandwani, Naveed Ishraq, Ayan Mallik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This paper presents a novel active compensation-based harmonic reduction (ACHR) technique in order to mitigate the existing third harmonic component in the input current of the power factor corrector (PFC) circuit in electric vehicle (EV) charging systems. Traditional PFC control scheme includes an outer voltage loop to control the output DC voltage and an inner current loop to ensure that the grid current is sinusoidal. The work shows how third and other high-order harmonic components are created while the signal is transmitting through the voltage control loop, and then an analytical model is developed to calculate the dominant third harmonic magnitude according to the circuit specifications and control parameters. The ACHR approach takes advantage of multi-level filter design to prevent the presence of high-order odd harmonics in addition to mitigating the existing third harmonic component created by the voltage control loop before it is passed through the current control loop. ACHR is designed optimally, and its performance is analyzed in detail to have a robust and stable closed loop system while keeping the characteristics of fundamental harmonic. A totem-pole boost PFC proof-of-concept is built to verify the proposed ACHR technique. The results show that the third harmonic magnitude is reduced from 244 mA in conventional control scheme to 130 mA in proposed ACHR technique. Moreover, total harmonic distortion (THD) in input current is decreased from 4.88% to 4.03%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Battery chargers
  • Capacitors
  • Electric vehicles
  • Harmonic analysis
  • Harmonic filters
  • Power harmonic filters
  • Power quality
  • Power quality
  • Switches
  • Topology
  • Total harmonic distortion
  • Voltage control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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