Acoustic simulations of combined electric and acoustic hearing (EAS)

Michael Dorman, Anthony J. Spahr, Philipos C. Loizou, Cindy J. Dana, Jennifer S. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Objective: Our aim was to explore the consequences for speech understanding of leaving a gap in frequency between a region of acoustic hearing and a region stimulated electrically. Our studies were conducted with normal-hearing listeners, using an acoustic simulation of combined electric and acoustic (EAS) stimulation. Design: Simulations of EAS were created by low-pass filtering speech at 0.5 kHz (90 dB octave roll-off) and adding amplitude-modulated sine waves at higher frequencies. The gap in frequency between acoustic and simulated electric hearing was varied over the range 0.5 kHz to 3.2 kHz. Stimuli included sentences in quiet, sentences in noise, and consonants and vowels. Three experiments were conducted with sample sizes of 12 listeners. Results: Scores were highest in conditions that minimized the frequency gap between acoustic and electric stimulation. In quiet, vowels and consonant place of articulation showed the most sensitivity to the frequency gap. In noise, scores in the simulated EAS condition were higher than the sum of the scores from the acoustic-only and simulated electric-only conditions. Conclusions: Our results suggest that both deep and shallow insertions of electrodes could improve the speech understanding abilities of patients with residual hearing to 500 Hz. However, performance levels will be maximized if the gap between acoustic and electric stimulation is minimized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-380
Number of pages10
JournalEar and hearing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing


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