A study of the uppermost inner core from PKKP and P′ P′ differential traveltimes

Sebastian Rost, Edward Garnero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We have assembled a data set of PKKPdf-PKKPbc (PKKPdf-bc) and PKPPKPdf-PKKPbc differential traveltimes. This data set is used to study the Earth's uppermost inner core in the western hemisphere. Data from the eastern Pacific are recorded at the Canadian Yellowknife array and travel through the inner core twice, once perpendicular to the Earth's rotation axis and once parallel to the rotation axis. Our polar paths sample a similar region to paths from the South Sandwich Islands to Alaska, an important path geometry for inner core anisotropy studies. Our data set has the potential to be an independent source of information on the structure of the inner core, and to be a good supplement to past PKP studies. Differential time residuals (relative to isotropic inner core models) of up to several seconds are found. The differential traveltimes show significant scatter (up to 6 s) making it difficult to attribute them to inner core anisotropy alone. Alternatively, strong heterogeneity in the inner core and along the mantle paths may contribute to observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-574
Number of pages10
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2004


  • Anisotropy
  • Array
  • Earth's core
  • Inner core
  • Seismology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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