A kinetic model for 2,4-dichlorophenol adsorption and hydrodechlorination over a palladized biofilm

Chengyang Wu, Luman Zhou, Chen Zhou, Yun Zhou, Jingzhou Zhou, Siqing Xia, Bruce E. Rittmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Adsorption and catalytic hydrodechlorination (HDC) of aqueous 2,4-DCP by palladium nanoparticles (Pd0NPs) associated with a biofilm (i.e., a Pd0-biofilm) was investigated in terms of the removal efficiency of 2,4-DCP, dechlorinated product selectivity, and reduction kinetics. Experiments were executed with Pd0-biofilm and with abiotic Pd0NPs-film alone. The 2,4-DCP-adsorption capacity of Pd0-biofilm was 2- to 5-fold greater than that of abiotic Pd0NPs-film, and the adsorption accelerated dechlorination by Pd0-biofilm, including selectivity to phenol instead of mono-chlorophenols. A mechanistic kinetic model was developed to represent the sequential adsorption and reduction processes. Modeling results represented well the removal of 2,4-DCP and quantified that Pd0-biofilm had a strong affinity for adsorbing 2,4-DCP. The strong adsorption increased the volume-averaged concentration of 2,4-DCP concentration inside the Pd0-biofilm, compared to the concentration in the bulk liquid. This increase in the local concentration of 2,4-DCP led to a 2- to 4-fold increase in the reduction rate of 2,4-DCP in Pd0-biofilm, compared to abiotic Pd0NPs-film. Thus, coupling Pd0NPs with the biofilm promoted 2,4-DCP removal and full dechlorination despite its low concentration in bulk water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number118201
JournalWater Research
StatePublished - May 1 2022


  • Adsorption
  • Biofilm
  • Hydrodechlorination
  • Kinetic model
  • Palladium nanoparticle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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