Qualitative Identification of Intervention Preferences to Support Men’s Engagement and Retention in TB Care in South Africa

  • Andrew Medina-Marino (Creator)
  • Dana Bezuidenhout (Creator)
  • Nondumiso Ngcelwane (Creator)
  • Morna Cornell (Creator)
  • Milton Wainberg (Creator)
  • Chris Beyrer (Creator)
  • Linda Gail Bekker (Creator)
  • Joseph Daniels (Creator)
  • Milton Wainberg (Creator)



Globally and in South African specifically, men account for 56% and 62% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases, respectively. Men are at increased risk of not accessing TB testing or treatment, and having poor treatment outcomes. Unfortunately, no interventions exist to address these issues. Toward the development of targeted, patient-centered TB care and support interventions, we used semistructured interviews to explored men’s social network composition, TB testing behaviors, disclosure and treatment support, clinical experiences, and TB’s influence on daily living. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach guided by the Network Individual Resource Model to identify mental and tangible resources influential and preferred during engagement in TB treatment. Men emphasized the desire for peer-to-peer support to navigate TB-related stigma and unhealthy masculinity norms. Men advocated for awareness events to educate communities about their challenges with TB. Men strongly suggested that interventions be delivered in familiar locations where men congregate. Since 2022, no TB treatment support interventions have included the preferred components or delivery modes described by men in our study. To improve men’s TB-related health outcomes, the global TB community must identify and address men’s unique challenges when designing interventions.
Date made available2022
PublisherSAGE Journals

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