4EXO : Revised, rerefined crystal structure of PDB entry 2QHK, methyl accepting chemotaxis protein

  • Jeneva K. Foster (Contributor)
  • Emily Goers Sweeney (Contributor)
  • Kevin G. Hicks (Contributor)
  • J. Nathan Henderson (Contributor)
  • John Goers (Contributor)
  • Raghuveer Parthasarathy (Contributor)
  • Christopher Wreden (Contributor)
  • Karen Guillemin (Contributor)
  • S. James Remington (Contributor)



Experimental Technique/Method:X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Release Date:2012-05-30
Deposition Date:2012-04-30
Revision Date:2012-08-29#2017-11-15
Molecular Weight:16741.31
Macromolecule Type:Protein
Residue Count:146
Atom Site Count:1188

pH sensing is crucial for survival of most organisms, yet the molecular basis of such sensing is poorly understood. Here, we present an atomic resolution structure of the periplasmic portion of the acid-sensing chemoreceptor, TlpB, from the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori. The structure reveals a universal signaling fold, a PAS domain, with a molecule of urea bound with high affinity. Through biophysical, biochemical, and in vivo mutagenesis studies, we show that urea and the urea-binding site residues play critical roles in the ability of H. pylori to sense acid. Our signaling model predicts that protonation events at Asp114, affected by changes in pH, dictate the stability of TlpB through urea binding.
Date made availableMay 30 2012

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